Thursday, December 27, 2012

Diabetes Essay

Prior to speaking about the actual pilot program regarding the Type II Diabetes, one needs to make the state official (governor) understand what diabetes is about and what danger it presents to other people in the community. Only after the governor and sponsors understand what diabetes type II is about they would be able to contribute their resources and ideas to supporting our pilot program to prevent type II diabetes. We have to realize that if we want to educate parents and children about type II diabetes we need to be able to express ourselves succinctly yet properly for our grant-providers to understand our important mission.

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Diabetes (also known as diabetes mellitus) is a serious medical disorder, which is seen in altering hyperglycemia, or in simple words, the blood sugar in patients. There are four types of diabetes, yet they all present serious danger to the human organism regardless of their degree. As the type increases diabetes becomes more serious and presents more harm to the human organism. Increased sugar levels in the human organism typically contributes to dehydration and ketoacidosis in the short run. In the long-run diabetes doubles the potential risks of cardiovascular disease and dialysis let alone renal failures. Diabetes also contributes to blindness because of retinal damage and nerve damage. At some point of time, diabetes can contribute to gangrene, which typically results in amputation of feet, toes or legs.

Diabetes type II is more serious than diabetes type I, yet the patient still has certain amounts of insulin produced in the body. Still one has to be aware that decreased sensitivity of body tissues to insulin which requires insulin injections or oral medication. The greatest problem with Diabetes Type II is that unless cured it would likely turn to type III or IV diabetes which would pose even greater danger to people and the community.

The pilot program we plan to create in our community would target parents and children and would serve as a wonderful tool to inform the community about diabetes and the ways to prevent or fight it.
Our program will inform the community that in order to be free of diabetes one has to constantly check and maintain blood sugar within acceptable ‘normal’ limits. As noted earlier diabetes is all about blood sugar, so by manipulating intakes of sugar and other constituent parts of what contribute to diabetes one is able to easily stay healthy and avoid complications and serious damages to health caused by diabetes.

Besides explaining what diabetes is about, our pilot program will speak about other things that make diabetes possible. The community members would be informed of the following:
  • Need to quit smoking.
  • Need to control cholesterol levels (Becker, 45)
  • Need to exercise and thus maintain optimal body weight.
  • Need to check and control blood pressure.
  • Need for healthy food and regular exercise
The community members should be informed through out pilot program that currently in the world there are more than 160 million people suffering from diabetes, with type II diabetes being the most popular in developed nations. In the USA alone in 2002 there were about 19 million people suffering from different types of diabetes (Shafer 211). Such statement should serve the following two purposes:

Make the community members understand that type II diabetes is very common and present in every community, thus requiring attention and immediate action.

Make the community members-users of our pilot program understand that they are not alone with their diabetes and that there are people who can help and support them.

The other stage that our pilot project is to cover is to explain to the target audience that Type 2 diabetes can initially be treated with proper diet and weight loss. Together these two approaches will restore and improve insulin sensitivity in patients and return them to somewhat normal life. The audience needs to understand that one requires a modest loss of weight with result usually taking place after losing about 15-20 pounds.  The community would then be informed that the next step to get rid of diabetes is to take certain oral antidiabetic medicine like suplhonylureas, metformmin, or thiazolidinediones. Typically together with healthy life style and reduced body weight, these drugs help most patients to return to the normal healthy state. Should they fail, the patients should be informed of other treatments ways like insulin therapy.

Our pilot project will inform the community that diabetes is a chronic disease and has no permanent cure. In other words, the patients who have diabetes need to understand that they will have to lead a healthy life style throughout their lives if they want to avoid complications created by diabetes. Healthy living is possible when having type II diabetes yet once again the participants of our pilot project will be advised not to consider it a triumph over a disorder but rather a temporary victory that needs to be maintained (Drum, 190).

The pilot project thus will attempt not only to educate the community members of type II diabetes but will also attempt to teach them proper lifestyle modifications that would be seen in the following:
  • Constant control of one’s body weight.
  • Exercise and diet.
  • Use of oral medication.
Combat problems associated with hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. Failure to learn about these problems as well as the use of proper oral medication can usually worsen the patient’s condition
The pilot project will inform the community that those with type II diabetes who fail to properly alter their life style to combat diabetes will ultimately have to turn to insulin therapy.

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